The invention provides reagents and methods for characterizing (i.e., identification and/or quantitation) the phosphorylation states of proteins. Proteins may be post-transcriptionally modified such that they contain phosphate groups at either some or all of their serine, threonine, tyrosine, histidine, and/or lysine amino acid residues. In many cases the extent to which a protein is phosphorylated determines it bioactivity, i.e., its ability to effect cell functions such as differentiation, division, and metabolism. Hence, a powerful tool for diagnosing various diseases and for furthering the understanding of protein--protein interactions is provided.
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENTAL SUPPORT
This invention was made with United States Government support under Contract DE-AC0676RLO1830 awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The United States Government has certain rights in the invention.