Methods for separating isotopes or chemical species of an element and causing enrichment of a desired isotope or chemical species of an element utilizing laser ablation plasmas to modify or fabricate a material containing such isotopes or chemical species are provided. This invention may be used for a wide variety of materials which contain elements having different isotopes or chemical species.
This invention was made with government support provided by the US Department of Energy through the Office of Basic Energy Science (Chemical Sciences) under contract no. DE-FG02-01ER and through the National Science Foundation under Contract Number PHY-8920108. The government has certain rights in the invention.