The present invention relates to composite solid polymer electrolyte membranes (SPEMs) which include a porous polymer substrate interpenetrated with an ion-conducting material. SPEMs of the present invention are useful in electrochemical applications, including fuel cells and electrodialysis.
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT RIGHTS
This invention was made with Government support under Contract No. DE-FC02-97EE50478 awarded by the Department of Energy and Contract No. DMI-9760978 with National Science Foundation. The Government has certain rights in this invention.