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Partial oxidation catalyst

United States Patent

6,110,861
August 29, 2000
View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office
Argonne National Laboratory - Visit the Technology Development and Commercialization Website
Customizable Fuel Processor Technology Benefits Fuel Cell Power Industry (ANL-IN-00-030)
A two-part catalyst comprising a dehydrogenation portion and an oxide-ion conducting portion. The dehydrogenation portion is a group VIII metal and the oxide-ion conducting portion is selected from a ceramic oxide crystallizing in the fluorite or perovskite structure. There is also disclosed a method of forming a hydrogen rich gas from a source of hydrocarbon fuel in which the hydrocarbon fuel contacts a two-part catalyst comprising a dehydrogenation portion and an oxide-ion conducting portion at a temperature not less than about 400.degree. C. for a time sufficient to generate the hydrogen rich gas while maintaining CO content less than about 5 volume percent. There is also disclosed a method of forming partially oxidized hydrocarbons from ethanes in which ethane gas contacts a two-part catalyst comprising a dehydrogenation portion and an oxide-ion conducting portion for a time and at a temperature sufficient to form an oxide.
Krumpelt; Michael (Naperville, IL), Ahmed; Shabbir (Bolingbrook, IL), Kumar; Romesh (Naperville, IL), Doshi; Rajiv (Downers Grove, IL)
The University of Chicago (Chicago, IL)
08/ 867,556
June 2, 1997
CONTRACTUAL ORIGIN OF THE INVENTION The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. W-31-109-ENG-38 between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)and The University of Chicago representing Argonne National Laboratory.