A method for the synthesis of 2,6-Diamino-3,5-dinitropyrazine-1-oxide including nitration of 2,6-diaminopyrazine-1-oxide. The step of nitration may use nitrating agents 20% Oleum/100% HNO3, 100% HNO3 and conc. H2504/100% HNO3 or nitronium tetrfluoraoborate. The synthesis of 2,6-diaminopyrazine-1-oxide may involve both the oxidation of 2,6-diaminopyrazine, the amination of a precursor 2,6-disubstitutedpyrazine-1-oxide or direct formation of the 2,6-diaminopyrazine-l-oxide from the precursor, 2-amino-6-hydroxamino-pyrazine-1-oxide.
 The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC52-07NA27344 between the United States Department of Energy and Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC for the operation of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.