A method and apparatus in which a rotor (11) and a stator (17) define a radial air gap (20) for receiving AC flux and at least one DC excitation coil (23, 24) positioned near the stator end turn to produce DC flux in axial air gaps (21, 22) additive to the AC flux. Side magnets (16) and flux-guiding magnets (14) are provided as boundaries separating the side poles (12a, 12b) of opposite polarity from other portions of the rotor (11) and from each other to define PM poles (12a, 12b) for conveying the DC flux to or from the primary air gap (20) and for inhibiting flux from leaking from said pole portions prior to reaching the primary air gap (20). Side magnets (16), side poles (12a and 12b), flux-guiding magnets (14), ferromagnetic end plates (11c), non-magnetic end plates (12c), and ring bands (37) are optionally provided for performance improvement.
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH
 This invention was made with Government support under Contract No. DE-AC05000R22725 awarded to UT-Battelle, LLC, by the U.S. Department of Energy. The Government has certain rights in this invention.