Superhydrophilic and superhydrophobic fabrics are taught having a superhydrophilic or superhydrophobic powder disposed on the fabric. The superhydrophilic powder has at least one material of sodium borosilicate glass and porous diatomaceous earth. The powder material has a contiguous interpenetrating structure with a plurality of spaced apart nanostructured surface features. The superhydrophilic powder is switched to superhydrophobic by adding at least one superhydrophobic material of perfluorinated organics, fluorinated organics, and self-assembled monolayers.
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH
 This invention was made with United States Government support under Contract No. DE-AC05-00OR22725 between the United States Department of Energy and U.T. Battelle, LLC. The United States Government has certain rights in this invention.