A material configured for implantation in a living organism. In some embodiments, the material includes a mechanical surface that has long range ordered micro-features. A repetitive pattern of hierarchical micro-features is incorporated in some embodiments, and in some embodiments the micro-features are composite in nature, and may include nano-structures. One embodiment provides a method of modifying the surface of a tissue in a living organism. The method includes a step of dividing a laser beam into a plurality of laser beams and a further step of guiding the plurality of laser beams to create an interference pattern at the surface of the material, and a repetitive pattern of micro-features is formed on the surface of the tissue.
 This invention was made with government support under Contract No. DE-AC05-00OR22725 awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.