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APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ETHANOL, HYDROGEN AND ELECTRICITY

United States Patent Application

20090017512
A1
View the Complete Application at the US Patent & Trademark Office
The compositions, methods and apparatus of the present invention allow the production of electricity, ethanol and hydrogen, and combinations thereof. In some embodiments, the invention provides a process for generating electricity or hydrogen comprising supplying a microbial catalyst and a fuel source to a microbial fuel cell or a bio-electrochemically assisted microbial reactor (BEAMR), respectively, under thermophilic conditions. In other embodiments, the invention provides a process of generating ethanol and electricity or ethanol and hydrogen comprising supplying a microbial catalyst and a fuel source to a fermentation vessel in operable relation with a microbial fuel cell or a BEAMR system, respectively, wherein the microbial catalyst has a cellulolytic activity, an ethanologenic activity, and an electricigenic activity. Other embodiments include compositions and apparati for practicing the invention.
May, Harold D. (Mount Pleasant, SC), Shimotori, Tsutomu (Mount Pleasant, SC)
11/ 951,745
December 6, 2007
[0002] This invention was made with government support under DE-FG02-07ER86319 awarded by the Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.