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Method and Apparatus for Saccharide Precipitation From Pretreated Lignocellulosic Materials

United States Patent Application

View the Complete Application at the US Patent & Trademark Office
A method for separating saccharide components and lignin fractions from a concentrated acid treated lignocellulosic biomass is disclosed. The method involves precipitating the saccharide components by adding an organic solvent to the biomass slurry. The acid may then be recovered, for example, by filtration or by countercurrent washing and the organic solvent may be flashed and recycled. During acid recovery and organic recovery steps, two main lignocellulose components (hemicellulose and lignin) as well as minor components such as acetic acid are separated as well. The method decreases the amount of cellulase required for hydrolysis, increases hydrolysis rates, reduces formation of inhibitor molecules, increase sugar yields, produces high value by-products such as high quality lignin and hemicellulose, and decreases energy and equipment costs.
Zhang, Yi-Heng Percival (Blacksburg, VA), Lynd, Lee R. (Meriden, NH)
12/ 063,011
August 7, 2006
GOVERNMENT INTERESTS [0002] The United States Government may have certain rights in the present invention as research relevant to its development was funded by United States Department of Energy (DOE) contract number DE FG02-02ER15350 and by National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) contract number 60NANB1D0064.