Provided are separators for use in an electrochemical cell comprising (a) an hydrated aluminum oxide of the formula Al.sub.2O.sub.3.xH.sub.2O, wherein x is less than 1.0 and (b) an organic polymer, wherein the hydrated aluminum oxide comprises organic substituents. Preferably, x of the hydrated aluminum oxide is less than 0.8, or more preferably, x is less than 0.6. Preferably, the organic substituents comprise a reaction product of a multifunctional monomer, such as a divinyl ether of an ethylene glycol, and/or an organic carbonate with an aluminum oxide, such as pseudo-boehmite or a hydrated aluminum oxide.
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT RIGHTS
 This invention was made with government support under Grant Number DE-FG02-02ER83542 awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.