The present invention describes the preparation of carbon nanotubes of varied morphology, catalyst materials for their synthesis. The present invention also describes reactor apparatus and methods of optimizing and controlling process parameters for the manufacture carbon nanotubes with pre-determined morphologies in relatively high purity and in high yields. In particular, the present invention provides methods for the preparation of non-aligned carbon nanotubes with controllable morphologies, catalyst materials and methods for their manufacture.
STATEMENT AS TO FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH
 The present invention was made with partial support from The US Army Natick Soldier Systems Center (DAAD, Grant Number 16-00-C-9227), Department of Energy (Grant Number DE-FG02-00ER45805) and The National Science Foundation (Grant Number DMR-9996289)