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REMOVAL AND RECOVERY OF DEPOSITS FROM COAL GASIFICATION SYSTEMS

United States Patent Application

20070274886
A1
View the Complete Application at the US Patent & Trademark Office
Disclosed herein are methods for removing and recovering metalloids from gasification systems. Also disclosed are methods for on-line removal of deposited entrained materials from a heat exchanger unit. A method is provided for on-line removal and recovery of deposits from fossil fuel gasification systems to improve plant performance and recover a valuable metalloid. Plant performance will be improved by decreasing impedance to gas flow and decreasing downtime required to clean the gas cooling system by providing an effective method to remove deposits while the gasification system is operating. In the preferred embodiment of the method, the deposits rich in condensed metals and metalloids are captured on heat transfer surfaces within the range of temperatures of about 400.degree. C. to about 600.degree. C., the temperature of the heat transfer surface is cycled causing the deposit to spall from the steel surface, and the deposits are removed from the gasifier without impacting gasifier operation.
Benson, Steven (Grand Forks, ND), Laumb, Margaret (Grand Forks, ND)
MICROBEAM TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (4300 Dartmouth Drive Grand Forks ND 58203)
11/ 745,788
May 8, 2007
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT [0002] This invention was made with United States Government support under the U.S. Department of Energy Grant No. DE-FG03-99ER82829 Abatement of Filter Corrosion and Plugging in IGCC Systems; NSF Award No. 0232416 SBIR Phase I: Feasibility of On-line Metalloid Recovery in Gasification Systems; and NSF Award No. 0422050 SBIR Phase II: Feasibility of On-line Metalloid Recovery in Gasification Systems. The United States Government has certain rights in this invention.