A subject afflicted with a cancer or precancerous condition is treated by administering an agent that increases expression of somatostatin receptors, and a cytotoxic recognition ligand. In an alternative embodiment, somatostatin analogs, which are radiolabeled are used to treat cancer or precancerous conditions.
 The invention was made with government support under Grant No. DE-FG01-001NE23554, awarded by the United States Department of Energy, and Grant No. DHHS/PHS/NIH/NCRR/GCRC, MO1 RR00997, awarded by the National Institutes of Health National Center for Research Resources. The U.S. Government has certain rights in this invention.