Described are methods and systems for preparing stabilized bio-oil suitable for subsequent hydrotreatment and forming a hydrocarbon product from a stabilized bio-oil. For example, preparing stabilized bio-oil suitable for subsequent hydrotreatment may include filtering bio-oil effective to remove at least a portion of particles having an effective particulate diameter greater than about 10 micrometers; treating the bio-oil effective to remove at least a portion of inorganic species from the bio-oil; and catalytically stabilizing the bio-oil to provide the stabilized bio-oil suitable for subsequent hydrotreatment. Forming a hydrocarbon product from a stabilized bio-oil may include hydrotreating the stabilized bio-oil by, for example, contacting the stabilized bio-oil to a hydrotreatment catalyst in the presence of hydrogen, thereby providing the hydrocarbon product. Also included are stabilized bio-oil and hydrocarbon products derived therefrom.
STATEMENT AS TO RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE UNDER FEDERALLY-SPONSORED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
 This invention was made with Government support under Contract Nos. DE-AC0576RLO1830 and DE-EE0004391, awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The Government has certain rights in the invention.