The fabrication of robust interfaces between transition metal oxides and non-aqueous electrolytes is one of the great challenges of lithium ion batteries. Atomic layer deposition (ALD) of aluminum tungsten fluoride (AlW.sub.xF.sub.y) improves the electrochemical stability of LiCoO.sub.2. AlW.sub.xF.sub.y thin films were deposited by combining trimethylaluminum and tungsten hexafluoride. in-situ quartz crystal microbalance and transmission electron microscopy studies show that the films grow in a layer-by-layer fashion and are amorphous nature. Ultrathin AlW.sub.xF.sub.y coatings (<10 .ANG.) on LiCoO.sub.2 significantly enhance stability relative to bare LiCoO.sub.2 when cycled to 4.4 V. The coated LiCoO2 exhibited superior rate capability (up to 400 mA/g) and discharge capacities at a current of 400 mA/g were 51% and 92% of the first cycle capacities for the bare and AlW.sub.xF.sub.y coated materials. These results open new possibilities for designing ultrathin and electrochemically robust coatings of metal fluorides via ALD to enhance the stability of Li-ion electrodes.
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT INTEREST
 The United States Government has rights in the invention described herein pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357 between the United States Department of Energy and UChicago Argonne, LLC, as operator of Argonne National Laboratory.