A quartz vibratory gyroscope comprises a substrate, a quartz cylindrical ring having one end connected to the substrate and an opposite open end, and a radial surface lined with an electrically conductive material, and a pair (or more) of electrodes arranged adjacent opposite sections of the electrically conductive material to electrically induce resonance at the open end of the quartz cylindrical ring, such as by electrostatic actuation or piezoelectric actuation. The same or additional electrode pairs may be used for rotational sensing, such as by capacitive sensing or by piezoelectric sensing.
FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
 The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC52-07NA27344 between the United States Department of Energy and Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC for the operation of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.