The disclosure provides methods for producing uniformly sized lithium sulfide materials which are coated with one or more durable and conductive carbon shells that impede the polysulfide shuttle. The disclosure further provides for the carbon coated lithium sulfide materials made therefrom, and the use of these materials in lithium sulfide batteries.
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
 The invention described and claimed herein was made in part utilizing funds supplied by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-ACO2-05CH11231 between the U.S. Department of Energy and the Regents of the University of California for the management and operation of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The government has certain rights in this invention.