Resonant meta-material structures are defined by metallic, dielectric or other materials that form nanoshells or nanomeshes that can be situated proximate to ionizing-radiation-sensitive layers so as to provide ionizing-radiation-dose-dependent optical properties. Such meta-material structures can also define aligned or periodic, semi-random, or other arrangements of nanostructures that are coupled to or include stressed layers. Detection of optical radiation from such structures is used to determine gamma radiation dose or to detect a disturbance of the nanostructure indicating tampering.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
 This invention was made with Government support under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 awarded by the United States Department of Energy. The Government has certain rights in the invention.