A texture-inducible substrate includes a backplate, a deformable membrane positioned in front of the backplate to form a gap therebetween, and a ferrofluid contained in the gap. The substrate also includes an electromagnet positioned on the backplate to induce, when activated, a local volume of the ferrofluid to expand in volume and increase in viscosity so as to locally deform and raise an adjacent section of the deformable membrane.
FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
 The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC52-07NA27344 between the United States Department of Energy and Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC for the operation of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.