Nanostructures comprising .PI.-conjugated peptides for energy migration in aqueous environments are disclosed. Conductive material comprising these nanostructures, and supramolecular assemblies comprising covalently-bound electron donor-acceptor chromophores for photoinduced electron transfer also are disclosed.
FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
 This invention was made with government support under DE-SC0004857 awarded by the Department of Energy (DOE) and DMR-1407493 awarded by the National Science Foundation. The government has certain rights in the invention.