A method of manufacturing a battery includes introducing a first material to the battery, providing an anode, a cathode and a separator of the battery; and assembling the anode, the separator and the cathode. The first material is configured and arranged to increase the internal impedance of the battery upon mechanical or thermal loading.
FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
 The invention was made with government support under DE-AR0000396 awarded by the Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in this invention.