An organic light emitting diode (10) includes a substrate (12) having a first surface (14) and a second surface (16), a first electrode (32), and a second electrode (38). An emissive layer (36) is located between the first electrode (32) and the second electrode (38). The organic light emitting diode (10) further includes a surface modification layer (18). The surface modification layer (18) includes a non-planar surface (30, 52).
NOTICE OF GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
 This invention was made with Government support under Contract No. DE-EE-0003209 awarded by the Department of Energy. The United States government may have certain rights in this invention.