Materials, methods to prepare, and methods of use for ionic nanocrystalline inorganic materials and hybrid composites thereof are described herein. A preferred embodiment comprises native ligand stripping under equilibrium control, where reversible Lewis acid-base chemistry is used to generate adduct-stabilized surfaces during ligand stripping. Through a preferred embodiment, the generation of physisorbed anionic species that stabilize the nanocrystal surface until coordinating solvent is able to repassivate the surface.
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
 The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to DOE Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231 between the U.S. Department of Energy and the University of California, as operator of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.