The present invention provides for a novel recombinant or isolated nucleic acid useful for integrating or being maintained in an Archaea or acidophilic hyperthermophilic eubacteria. The nucleic acid encodes a nucleotide sequence that is capable of stably integrating into the chromosome of a host cell, or being maintained as an extrachromosomal element in a host cell, that is an Archea, and a nucleotide sequence of interest. The present invention also provides for an Archaea host cell comprising the nucleic acid stably integrated into the chromosome or maintained episomally in the host cell, and a method of expressing the nucleotide sequence of interest in the host cell and/or directing glycosylation, multimerization, and/or membrane association or integration.
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENTAL SUPPORT
 The invention described and claimed herein was made utilizing funds supplied by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. The government has certain rights in this invention.