Disclosed is a catalyst system, its methods of preparation and its use for producing, among others, alkenes and/or saturated or unsaturated oxygenates and, which include at least one of an aldehyde and an acid (such as propyl aldehyde, acrolein, acrylic acid, isobutyl aldehyde, methacrolein, methacrylic acid), comprising subjecting the corresponding C3 to C5 aliphatic alcohols that are derivable from biomass, such as, propanols, propanediols, and isobutanol, to a vapor phase process over the catalytic system described herein in the presence of a gas mixture of oxygen, air or nitrogen and/or other suitable diluting gas. In the case where a C3 aliphatic alcohol (1-propanol, 2-propanol, or 1,2-propanediol or 1,3-propanediol) or a mixture thereof is subjected to a vapor phase catalytic process over the said catalytic system in the presence of air or oxygen, and a co-fed gas, such as nitrogen or other diluting gas, the product is at least one of propylene, propyl aldehyde, acrolein and acrylic acid. In the case where isobutanol is subjected to such a process, the product is at least one of isobutylene, isobutyl aldehyde, methacrolein and methacrylic acid. The catalyst system comprises a single catalytic zone or multi-catalytic zones, in each of which the composition of the co-feed and other reaction parameter can be independently controlled.
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERAL SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
 The present invention was made with funds provided by the United State Department of Energy under Grant No. DE-SC0007695. The U.S. Government has certain rights in this invention.