Described herein are algae carbon capture systems and biomass production systems, and more specifically, algal based microphotobioreactors (.mu.PBRs) comprising a biocompatible polymer (e.g., hydrogel) containing algae, inorganic carbon, light-frequency shifting agents (e.g., quantum dots and/or dyes of fluorescent proteins) and methods for making such .mu.PBRs.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
 This invention was made with government support under Contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396 awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.