A generator includes a first member, a second member and a sliding mechanism. The first member includes a first electrode and a first dielectric layer affixed to the first electrode. The first dielectric layer includes a first material that has a first rating on a triboelectric series. The second member includes a second material that has a second rating on the triboelectric series that is different from the first rating. The second member includes a second electrode. The second member is disposed adjacent to the first dielectric layer so that the first dielectric layer is disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode. The sliding mechanism is configured to cause relative movement between the first member and the second member, thereby generating an electric potential imbalance between the first electrode and the second electrode.
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT INTEREST
 This invention was made with government support under agreement No. DE-FG02-07ER46394, awarded by the Department of Energy, and under agreement No. CMMI-0946418, awarded by the National Science Foundation. The government has certain rights in the invention.