Methods, systems and computer program products to measure system re-taskability are disclosed. The methods, systems and computer program products may be used in the design of a new or redesign of an existing System of Systems (SoS). Systems re-tasking (aka substitutability or stand-in redundancy) is the process of using different systems to substitute for non-operational systems to meet required functionality, or using multi-function systems to fulfill higher-priority tasks. This ability can increase the overall operational availability of the SoS; it can also increase the adaptability and resilience of the SoS to unknown or changing conditions. The disclosed methods, systems and computer products include simulating an SoS over time, replacing systems that become non-operational (or damaged) with systems that can fulfill the same capability in order to maximize the SoS availability.
 This invention was made with Government support under Contract No. DE-AC04-94AL85000 awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The Government has certain rights in the invention.