Technologies are described effective to implement an atmospheric radar system. An antenna array transmits a wave toward an atmospheric target and receives a reflected wave that includes voltages corresponding to backscattered radar signal measurements. A processor includes a coherency matrix generator module effective to receive the voltages and generate a coherency matrix. The processor further includes an eigenvalue calculator module effective to receive the coherency matrix and calculate eigenvalues of the coherency matrix The processor includes an eigenvalue variable calculator module effective to receive the eigenvalues and calculate eigenvalue meteorological variables from the eigenvalues. The processor further includes an atmosphere display module effective to receive the eigenvalue meteorological variables and generate an output signal that corresponds to the meteorological property of the atmospheric target in response.
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT RIGHTS
 The present application was made with government support under contract number DE-AC02-98CH10886 awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The United States government has certain rights in the invention(s).