Disclosed herein are representative embodiments of methods, apparatus, and systems for facilitating operation and control of a resource distribution system (such as a power grid). Among the disclosed embodiments is a distributed hierarchical control architecture (DHCA) that enables smart grid assets to effectively contribute to grid operations in a controllable manner, while helping to ensure system stability and equitably rewarding their contribution. Embodiments of the disclosed architecture can help unify the dispatch of these resources to provide both market-based and balancing services.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
 This invention was made with government support under DE-AC05-76RL01830 awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.