An electric power system or power grid is optimized using a computer-implemented tool the represents in computer memory the optimization function and at least one constraint, which the processor operates upon using a linear programming solver algorithm. The constraints are represented in memory as data structures that include both real and reactive power terms, corresponding to at least one of a power flow model and a transmission line model. The transmission line model is represented using a piecewise linear representation. The power flow model may also include for each node in the power system a real power loss term representing transmission line loss allocated to that node.
GOVERNMENT LICENSE RIGHTS
 This invention was made with Government support under AR0000222 awarded by the Department of Energy Advanced Research Projects Agency--Energy. The Government has certain rights in the invention.