Multilayer structures with alternating graphene and Si thin films were constructed by a repeated process of filtering liquid-phase exfoliated grapheme film and subsequent coating of amorphous Si film using plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) method. The multilayer-structure composite films, fabricated on copper current collectors, can be directly used as anodes for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) without the addition of polymer binders or conductive additives. Fabricated coin-type half cells based on the new anode materials easily achieved a capacity almost four times higher than the theoretical value of graphite even after 30 cycles. These cells also demonstrated improved capacity retention and enhanced rate capability during charge/discharge processes compared to those of pure Si film-based anodes.
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENTAL SUPPORT
 The invention described and claimed herein was made in part utilizing funds supplied by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231 between the U.S. Department of Energy and the Regents of the University of California for the management and operation of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The government has certain rights in this invention.