A method of optimally producing and harvesting agricultural products is provided. In one exemplary embodiment, the method may include identifying a first crop component, such as grain, and at least a second crop component, which may include a biomass component such as straw. At least one fact is obtained for each of the identified crop components and the facts are analyzed to determine a recipe for application to the agricultural crop. The recipe may include a fertilizing recipe, an irrigation recipe, a recipe for the application of pesticide, or for some other activity. The recipe may be devised to enhance one or all of the identified plant components depending, for example, on current or economical markets associated with each identified plant component.
 The United States Government has rights in the following invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC07-99ID13727 between the U.S. Department of Energy and Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC.