Various methods are disclosed for coating or treating a substrate to enhance resistance of the substrate to at least one of cavitation and liquid impingement. One specific method may involve providing an amorphous metal composition which is able to be atomized. The amorphous metal composition may be applied as an atomized spray to a surface of the substrate via a high velocity spray operation to coat the surface. The coated surface may have at least one of a Vickers hardness number of at least about 1100 HVN, or a yield strength of at least about 700 MPa, or a thermal stability between about 600.degree. C. and about 700.degree. C., and is highly resistant to the effects of cavitation and/or liquid impingement.
STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT RIGHTS
 The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC52-07NA27344 between the U.S. Department of Energy and Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC, for the operation of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.