Articles of silicon nanowires were synthesized on metal substrates. The preparation minimized the formation of metal silicides and avoided the formation of islands of silicon on the metal substrates. These articles may be used as electrodes of silicon nanowires on current collectors.
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERAL RIGHTS
 This invention was made with government support under Contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396 awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.