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Room Temperature Electrodeposition of Actinides from Ionic Solutions

United States Patent Application

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Uranic and transuranic metals and metal oxides are first dissolved in ozone compositions. The resulting solution in ozone can be further dissolved in ionic liquids to form a second solution. The metals in the second solution are then electrochemically deposited from the second solutions as room temperature ionic liquid (RTIL), tri-methyl-n-butyl ammonium n-bis(trifluoromethansulfonylimide) [Me.sub.3N.sup.nBu][TFSI] providing an alternative non-aqueous system for the extraction and reclamation of actinides from reprocessed fuel materials. Deposition of U metal is achieved using TFSI complexes of U(III) and U(IV) containing the anion common to the RTIL. TFSI complexes of uranium were produced to ensure solubility of the species in the ionic liquid. The methods provide a first measure of the thermodynamic properties of U metal deposition using Uranium complexes with different oxidation states from RTIL solution at room temperature.
Hatchett, David (Las Vegas, NV), Czerwinski, Kenneth (Henderson, NV), Droessler, Janelle (Henderson, NV)
13/ 764,282
February 11, 2013
GOVERNMENT FUNDING [0002] This invention was made with government support under DE-AC07-051D14517 and DE-FC07-061D14781 awarded by the Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.