A tandem organic light emitting diode (OLED) device comprised of multiple stacked single OLEDs electrically connected in parallel via transparent interlayer is recited herein. Transparent interlayers are coated by charge injection layers in order to enhance the charge injection efficiency and decrease the operation voltage. Transparent nanomaterials, such as carbon nanotube sheets (or graphene, graphene ribbons and similar conductive transparent nano-carbon forms) are used as Interlayers or outer electrodes. Furthermore, functionalization of carbon nanotubes inter layers by n-doping (or p-doping) converts them into common cathode (or common anode), further decreasing operation voltage of tandem. The development of these alternative interconnecting layers comprised of nanomaterials simplifies the process and may be combined with traditional OLED devices. In addition, novel architectures are enabled that allow the parallel connection of the stacked OLEDs into monolithic multi-junction OLED tandems.
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY-SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
 This invention was made with government support under Grant No. DE-SC0001145 and Grant No. DE-SC0003664 awarded by the Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.