Methods of forming photoactive devices include infiltrating pores of a solid porous ceramic material with a fluid, which may be a supercritical fluid, carrying at least one single source precursor therein. The single source precursor may be decomposed to form a plurality of particles within the pores of the solid porous ceramic material. Photoactive devices include a solid porous ceramic material exhibiting electrical conductivity, and a plurality of photoactive semiconductor particles within pores of the solid porous ceramic material.
 This invention was made with government support under Contract No. DE-AC07-05ID14517 awarded by the United States Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.