Apparatuses, systems, and methods for using membrane carbonation modules and photobioreactors. Membrane carbonation modules and systems use gas-transfer membranes to supply inorganic carbon for photoautotrophic microorganism growth in a photobioreactor and to withdraw gases from a photobioreactor.
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH
 This invention was made with government support under ORSPA Account No. KXS 0012 awarded by the Department of Energy and the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.