A process for making an first material/second material nanocomposite is disclosed. The process can include providing a precursor that contains an electrochemically active and an electrochemically inactive material. Thereafter, the precursor can be suspended in an aerosol gas to produce an aerosol and a plasma having a high field zone can be provided. The aerosol can be passed through the high field zone of the plasma and result in the vaporization of at least part of the precursor in the aerosol. The precursor that has been vaporized in the high field zone is subsequently removed therefrom and allowed to condense into an first material/second material nanocomposite with at least one electrochemically active material.
 This invention was made with government support under Contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396 awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The Government has certain rights in the invention.