Methods of forming hydrophobic surfaces or structures include spraying droplets of a material onto features on a surface of a substrate and at least partially coating the features with a material formed from the droplets. Methods of forming fuel or electrolytic cells include forming a plurality of features in a surface of a conductive plate within a channel therein, and configuring the surface of the conductive plate within the channel to be hydrophobic. Additional methods of forming fuel or electrolytic cells include forming a substrate having a surface comprising at least one channel therein, forming a plurality of features on a surface of the substrate within the at least one channel, spraying droplets of a material onto the substrate, and at least partially coating the features with a metal layer formed from the droplets. Hydrophobic structures such as, for example, conductive electrodes for fuel and electrolytic cells are fabricated using such methods.
 This invention was made with support under Contract No. DE-AC07-051D14517 awarded by the United States Department of Energy. The government has certain rights in the invention.