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Electrochemical Nanofluid or Particle Suspension Energy Conversion and Storage Device

United States Patent Application

View the Complete Application at the US Patent & Trademark Office
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory - Visit the Industrial Partnerships Office Website
An electro-chemical energy conversion and storage device includes an enclosure, a first electrode operatively connected to the enclosure, a second electrode operatively connected to the enclosure, a nanofluid or particle suspension in the enclosure, a heat transfer unit, and a circulation system for circulating the nanofluid or particle suspension to the heat transfer unit. The nanofluid includes nanoparticles plus a dielectric or ionic fluid. The particle suspension includes particles plus a dielectric or ionic fluid. A wide range of nanoparticles or particles can be used. For example the following nanoparticles or particles can be used: metal and metal alloy particles for anodic dissolution and thermal transport; hydrides as source of hydrogen ions; lithium and lithium alloys; intercalated graphite and carbon aerogel as Li source (anodic material); intercalated transition metal oxide as Li sink (cathodic material); and semiconductors for photovoltaic conversion in photo-electrochemical or hybrid electrochemical cell.
Farmer, Joseph C. (Tracy, CA)
12/ 777,943
May 11, 2010
STATEMENT AS TO RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE UNDER FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT [0002] The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC52-07NA27344 between the United States Department of Energy and Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC for the operation of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.