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HYBRID PHOTOVOLTAICS BASED ON SEMICONDUCTOR NANOCRYSTALS AND AMORPHOUS SILICON

United States Patent Application

20100236614
A1
View the Complete Application at the US Patent & Trademark Office
Los Alamos National Laboratory - Visit the Technology Transfer Division Website
Semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) are promising materials for applications in photovoltaic (PV) structures that could benefit from size-controlled tunability of absorption spectra, the ease of realization of various tandem architectures, and perhaps, increased conversion efficiency in the ultraviolet through carrier multiplication. The first practical step toward utilization of the unique properties of NCs in PV technologies could be through their integration into traditional silicon-based solar cells. Here, we demonstrate an example of such hybrid PV structures that combine colloidal NCs with amorphous silicon. In these structures, NCs and silicon are electronically coupled, and the regime of this coupling can be tuned by altering the alignment of NC states with regard to silicon band edges. For example, using wide-gap CdSe NCs we demonstrate a photoresponse which is exclusively due to the NCs. On the other hand, in devices comprising narrow-gap PbS NCs, both the NCs and silicon contribute to photocurrent, which results in PV response extending from the visible to the near-infrared. This work demonstrates the feasibility of hybrid PV devices that combine advantages of mature silicon fabrication technologies with the unique electronic properties of semiconductor NCs.
Klimov, Victor I. (Los Alamos, NM), Findikoglu, Alp T. (Santa Fe, NM), Sun, Baoquan (Jiangsu, CN), Werder, Donald J. (Los Alamos, NM), Sykora, Milan (Los Alamos, NM)
LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL SECURITY, LLC (Los Alamos NM)
12/ 701,396
February 5, 2010
STATEMENT OF FEDERAL RIGHTS [0002] The United States government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396 between the United States Department of Energy and Los Alamos National Security, LLC for the operation of Los Alamos National Laboratory.