A compact contraband detection system having a radiography device which pre-screens an article subject to inspection to locate regions of interest which may then be further interrogated with a pulsed radiation generator, such as a pulsed fast neutron generator. The pulsed radiation generator includes an integrated particle generator-accelerator having a charged particle generator connected to a compact linear accelerator which produces, injects, and accelerates a charged particle beam. A beam target is provided in the path of the accelerated beam to generate a pulse of interrogating radiation which is directed to the article for interrogation.
 The United, States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. W-7405-ENG-48 between the United States Department of Energy and the University of California for the operation of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.