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Method for NOx reduction

United States Patent Application

20040042947
A1
View the Complete Application at the US Patent & Trademark Office
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory - Visit the Technology Commercialization Program Website
A method for reducing NO.sub.x in a gas stream by sequentially exposing the gas stream to a first and a second catalyst. The first catalyst converts at least a portion of the gas stream to a reducing gas, it reduces at least a portion of the NO.sub.x in a first temperature range, and it absorbs at least a portion of the NO.sub.x in the first temperature range. The second catalyst reduces at least a portion of the NO.sub.x in a second temperature range utilizing the reducing gas produced by the second catalyst. The reducing gas produced by the first catalyst is typically a partially oxidized hydrocarbon, preferably an aldehyde, and more preferably acetaldehyde or formaldehyde. In addition to the first and second catalysts, the gas stream may be exposed to a plasma. Preferably, the first catalyst is selected as a zeolite, and more preferably a zeolite impregnated with a cation. The cation is preferably selected from the group consisting of an alkaline cation, an alkaline earth cation, and combinations thereof and preferably exhibits pores sizes of greater than 4 angstroms, and more preferably exhibits pores sizes of greater than 7 angstroms. The second catalyst is preferably a .gamma.-alumina catalyst, and more preferably a .gamma.-alumina catalyst impregnated with transition metals, including, but not limited to, Ag, In and Sn.
Hoard, John (Livonia, MI), Aardahl, Christopher L. (Richland, WA), Park, Paul W. (Peoria, IL)
10/ 648,885
August 26, 2003
[0002] This invention was made with Government support under Contract DE-AC0676RLO1830 awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The Government has certain rights in the invention.