The current invention provides binding ligands with intrinsic fluorescent activity. The invention also provides libraries of such binding ligands, methods of preparing such binding ligands and libraries, and methods of identifying a binding ligand that specifically binds to a target molecule.
 This invention was made with government support under grant number DE-FG02-98ER62647 from the United States Department of Energy and Contract No. W-7405-ENG-36 awarded by the United States Department of Energy to The Regents of The University of CAlifornia. The government has certain rights in this invention.